An international operation consists of three phases: Preparation, deployment and returning home. This means that the family is affected both long before and after the actual deployment. Typical challenges characterise these different phases:
Before deployment

  • Uncertainty, waiting
  • Frightening rumours about what to expect out there
  • Concerns about partner’s health
  • Concerns about children’s upbringing and health

During deployment

  • The actual separation from each other
  • Combat exposure and experiences of those deployed
  • Psychological issues and strain both for those at home and those deployed
  • Lack of contact, insecurity
  • Challenges at home, problems in managing the logistics of everyday life

After returning home

  • Various physical and psychological stress reactions
  • Mutual adjustment challenges
  • Family conflicts due to prolonged absence
  • Emotional difficulties in partner and possibly children